DynamoRIO is a runtime code manipulation system that supports code transformations on any part of a program, while it executes. DynamoRIO exports an interface for building dynamic tools for a wide variety of uses: program analysis and understanding, profiling, instrumentation, optimization, translation, etc. Unlike many dynamic tool systems, DynamoRIO is not limited to insertion of callouts/trampolines and allows arbitrary modifications to application instructions via a powerful IA-32/AMD64/ARM/AArch64 instruction manipulation library. DynamoRIO provides efficient, transparent, and comprehensive manipulation of unmodified applications running on stock operating systems (Windows, Linux, or Android, with experimental Mac support) and commodity IA-32, AMD64, ARM, and AArch64 hardware.
DynamoRIO is the basis for some well-known external tools:
- The Arm Instruction Emulator (ArmIE)
- WinAFL, the Windows fuzzing tool, as an instrumentation and code coverage engine
- The fine-grained profiler for ARM DrCCTProf
- The portable and efficient framework for fine-grained value profilers VClinic
Tools built on DynamoRIO and available in the release package include:
- The memory debugging tool Dr. Memory
- The tracing and analysis framework drmemtrace which can target instruction and memory address traces such as:
- The drmemtrace framework includes multiple tools that operate on both online (with multi-process support) and offline instruction and memory address traces (such as the Google data center workload traces listed above):
- The legacy processor emulator drcpusim
- The "strace for Windows" tool drstrace
- The code coverage tool drcov
- The library tracing tool drltrace
- The memory address tracing tool memtrace (drmemtrace's offline traces are faster with more surrounding infrastructure, but this is a simpler starting point for customized memory address tracing)
- The memory value tracing tool memval
- The instruction tracing tool instrace (drmemtrace's offline traces are faster with more surrounding infrastructure, but this is a simpler starting point for customized instruction tracing)
- The basic block tracing tool bbbuf
- The instruction counting tool inscount
- The dynamic fuzz testing tool Dr. Fuzz
- The disassembly tool drdisas
- And more, including opcode counts, branch instrumentation, etc.: see Sample Tools.
DynamoRIO's powerful API abstracts away the details of the underlying infrastructure and allows the tool builder to concentrate on analyzing or modifying the application's runtime code stream. API documentation is included in the release package and can also be browsed online. Slides from our past tutorials are also available.
Use the discussion list to ask questions.
To report a bug, use the issue tracker.
For information on how to contribute to the DynamoRIO project, see Contributing to DynamoRIO.
You can read about where the name DynamoRIO came from in the History of DynamoRIO.